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Circulation and Topological Control in Image Segmentation.

Luis Gustavo Nonato and Antonio Silva Junior and Joao Batista Neto and Odemir Martinez Bruno

Iberoamerican Congress on Pattern Recognition,377-391,2005

In this paper we present an image segmentation technique based on the concepts of circulation and topological control. Circulation is a mathematical tool widely used for engineering problems, but still little explored in the field of image processing. On the other hand, by controlling the topology it is possible to dictate the number of regions in the segmentation process. If we take very small regions as noise, the mechanism can be seen as an efficient means for noise reduction. This has motivated us to combine both mathematical tool in our algorithm. As a result, we obtained an automatic segmentation algorithm that generates segmented regions bounded by simple closed curves; a desireable characteristic in many applications.